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A relative clause is a part of a sentence with a RELATIVE PRONOUN.
Who / that
for THINGS Which / that
for OWNERS Whose
for REASONS Why
for TIMES When
We use them to convert two sentences in one .
I work in this shop. It’s called PINK Shop.
The shop where I work is called
Or to make definitions:
-A waiter is a person who serves drinks.
-A pub is a place where you can have a drink
DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
They give you the information you need to understand the sentence.
There are no commas.
DON’T OMIT the clause when it’s a SUBJECT CLAUSE
-That’s the girl who invited me.
That’s the place where I work.
OMIT the clause when it’s an OBJECT
-I bought a car. It’s a Ford.
-The car (that) I bought is a Ford.
NON DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
They give extra information.
You don’t need them to understand the sentence
they are written between commas.
If you take out the relative clause, the sentence still makes sense. Example:
Mary, who is French, is a nice girl.
Mary is a nice girl .
EXERCISE 1 Fill the gaps with relative clauses.
1.This is the bank ___________ was robbed yesterday.
2.A boy __________sister is in my class was in the bank at that time.
3.The man __________robbed the bank had two guns.
4.He wore a green cap____________ made him look like Peter Pan.
5.He came with a friend___________ waited outside in the car.
6.The woman ____________gave him the money was quite old.
7.The bag __________ contained the money was pink.
8.The people ___________were in the bank were very frightened.
9.The man ___________mobile was ringing did not know what to do.
10.The woman ____________ daughter was crying tried to calm her.
11.The car __________the bank robbers escaped in was orange.
12.The robber___________ mask was obviously too big didn't drive.
13.The man____________ drove the car was nervous.
14.He didn't wait at the traffic lights ________were red.
15.A police officer______ car was parked at the corner stopped and arrested them.
16.The girl _________ parents were in the bank is my neighbor.