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Abraham Lincoln the 16th president of the United States
ELECTED FROM: Illinois POLITICAL PARTY: Republican TERM: March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865
BORN: February 12, 1809 BIRTHPLACE: Hardin County, Kentucky DIED: April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C. Buried in Springfield, Illinois OCCUPATION: Lawyer MARRIED: Mary Todd, 1842 CHILDREN: Robert, Edward, Willie, Tad
Abraham Lincoln's Childhood and Education
Lincoln was born in Hardin County, Kentucky on February 12, 1809.
He moved to Indiana in 1816 and lived there the rest of his youth.
Lincoln himself stated that he had about one year of formal education. However, he was taught by many different individuals.
He loved to read and learn from any books he could get his hands on.
Symbolic log cabin at the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site
Father: Thomas Lincoln - farmer and carpenter Mother: Nancy Hanks - died when Lincoln was nine. His stepmother, Sarah Bush Johnston, was very close to him. Siblings: Sarah Grigsby was the only sibling to live to maturity. Wife: Mary Todd - grew up in relative wealth. Four of her siblings fought for the South. She was considered mentally unbalanced. Children: Robert Todd - lawyer and diplomat; William Wallace - the only president's child to die in the White House, and Thomas "Tad" - died at 18.
Abraham Lincoln's early life and career
Lincoln began his political career in 1832 at age 23 with an unsuccessful campaign for the Illinois General Assembly as a member of the Whig Party.
An 1864 Mathew Brady photo depicts President Lincoln reading a book with his youngest son, Tad
The greatest American president
He is considered by many historians to have been the greatest American president.
One of the last photographs of Lincoln, likely taken in February 1865
The Apotheosis of Abraham Lincoln, greeted by George Washington in heaven (an 1860s work
1860 Presidential election
1860 presidential election results
On November 6, 1860, Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States.
He was the first Republican president, winning entirely on the strength of his support in the North:
Lincoln met with his cabinet on July 22, 1862 for the first reading of a draft of the Emancipation Proclamation
in 1846 or 1847
In 1846 Lincoln was elected to one term in the U.S. House of Representatives
Official White House portrait of Abraham Lincoln
by George Peter Alexander Healy
1864 Presidential election results
The only known photographs of Lincoln giving a speech were taken as he delivered his second inaugural address.
Here, he stands in the center, with papers in his hand.
A photograph of the March 4, 1861 inauguration of Abraham Lincoln in front of United States Capitol
A picture that depicts the assassination of Abraham Lincoln
Lincoln's tomb, Oak Ridge Cemetery
Abraham Lincoln's tomb is located in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Illinois.
It includes a 117-foot-tall granite obelisk surmounted with several bronze statues of Lincoln, which was constructed by 1874.
Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, and three of his four sons are also buried there (Robert Todd Lincoln is buried in Arlington National Cemetery)
Lincoln's coffin, Museum of Funeral Customs
A funeral was held in Springfield on May 4, 1865.
Subsequent to the funeral, Lincoln's remains, along with those of his son William, were interred in a public receiving vault at Oak Ridge Cemetery.
Lincoln's funeral train
Lincoln's body was born from Washington, DC, on a funeral train, accompanied by dignitaries and Robert Todd Lincoln, his eldest son.
The remains of his son, William Wallace Lincoln, were also placed on the train.
The train left Washington, DC, on April 21, 1865, and traveled 1,654 miles, retracing the route Lincoln had traveled to Washington, DC, as the president elect.
The train's journey ended on May 3, 1865, when it arrived in Springfield, Illinois.
Lincoln Memorial University is a private four-year co-educational liberal arts college located in Harrogat, Tennessee
Images of Lincoln
Lincoln's portrait on the American five
Lincoln stamp, issued November 19, 1965
Images of Lincoln
Statue of Abraham Lincoln, Hingham, Massachusetts
Daniel Chester French's sculpture inside the Lincoln Memorial
Stone carving of Lincoln at the Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial
Images of Lincoln
Lincoln's likeness on Mount Rushmore
Proof coinage Lincoln penny with cameo effect, obverse
Lincoln on the Illinois design of the 50 State Quarters, issued in 2003