Презентация - Уроки английского языка по теме «Round our Country»

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Слайды и текст этой презентации

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“Round our Country “
Урок-презентация 10 класс Автор: учитель иностранного языка МБОУ-СОШ №10 г. Армавира Краснодарского края Емельянова Анна Ивановна

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Round our Сountry!

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Introduction Geographical Position The History of Russia and it’s Political System The Places of Interest and Traditions

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Geographical Position
Position Recourses Climate Regions

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The History of Russia and it’s Political System
History State System State Symbols

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The Places of Interest and Traditions
People Traditions Monuments Nature Cities

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Position
Russia is a very large country and lies both in Europe and Asia. It stretches across eleven time zones. It is bordered by Norway and Finland in the north – west, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus and Azerbaijan in the South – west, and Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China along the southern.

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Resources
Russia is rich in mineral resources. It has deposits of coal, oil, natural gas, iron, gold, nickel, etc. Russia was the most populous state of the former USSR and also the wealthiest one. It produced 78 per cent of all its natural gas, 60 per cent of steel, 80 per cent of timber and 91 per cent of oil.

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Climate
There are various types of climate on the territory of Russia. Russia is one of the world’s coldest and most northern countries. Winter lasts five months in St. Petersburg, but up to nine months in Siberia, with snow falling even in May and frosts starting in August. It has a tundra climate in the north, the southern part of Russia in the Far East has a monsoon climate with lots of rain, and on the Black Sea the climate is subtropical.

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Regions
There are seven Federal Regions in our country. They are: Central region, Siberian Federal region, South region and others. Evenkyiskiy Territory

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History
The idea of a freedom – loving nature of the Russians can be proved by the course of Russian history. Russian people had to defend themselves from different enemies: they won a victory over Napoleon (1812), saved the world from fascism (1945). That is why the Russians have strong will and they like freedom very much.

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State System
According to the Constitution Russia is a Presidential Republic. The President is elected for four years and is the head of State. At present V. V. Putin is the head of state. The Russian Federation is set up by the Constitution of 1993 after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The Federal Government consists of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. All of them are checked by the President.

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People
The population of Russia is about 150 million people. Over 80 per cent of them are ethnic Russians. 70 per cent of the population live in the cities. There are a lot of nationalities such as Russian. There are also about 5.5 million Tatars, 4.4 million Ukrainians and the ethnic groups of the Volga region, Germans and others. They all speak Russian, but every ethnic group has its own language and culture.

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POPULATION
POPULATION-145,3 MILLION. 100 NATIONALITIES. RUSSIANS-83%. 130 LANGUAGES AND DIALECTS. 82%-SPEAK RUSSIAN FLUENTLY. 36%-IRBERIAN-CAUCASIAN LANGUAGES. 25%-TURKIC. 24%-INDO-EUROPEAN. 22%-MONGOL,TUNGUSIC-MANCHU AND PALAEOSIBERIAN. 20%-FINNO-UGRIC.

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RUSSIAN CHARACTER
THE RUSSIANS ARE OPEN PEOPLE. THEY ARE NEITHER RETICENT NOR RESERVED. RUSSIAN PEOPLE ARE CLEVER AND TALENTED. RUSSIAN PEOPLE HAVE ALWAYS LOVED THEIR COUNTRY. THE HARSH CLIMATE EXPLAINS THE RUSSIANS’ STRENGTH AND THEIR ABILITY TO OVERCOME HARDSHIPS. CLIMATE HAS ALSO MADE THEM CAUTIOUS. THEY ARE FRIENDLY, KIND AND VERY HOSPITABLE.

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Traditions
Russia is famous for it’s traditional costumes, Pavlov Posad shawls, Palekh boxes, matryoshkas, Gzhel porcelain.

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BESIDES, THERE ARE OTHER RUSSIAN SYMBOLS WELL-KNOWN ALL OVER THE WORLD: RED SQUARE AND THE SPASSKAYA TOWER. TOURISTS USUALLY BUY SUCH TRADITIONAL RUSSIAN SOUVENIRS: MATRYOSHKA DOLLS, BEAUTIFULLY PAINTED MUGS, PLATES AND SPOONS FROM THE VILLAGE OF KHOKHLOMA AND PALEKH BOXES.
MATRYOSHKA DOLLS

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Monuments
There are a lot of monuments to famous people in some Russian cities.
Monument to A.S. Pushkin
Monument to Peter the Great
Monument to Admiral Nakhimov

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Moscow
Moscow is the capital of Russia. It is one of Russia's major cities with the population of about 9 million people. It attracts tourists from all over the world. Kremlin is the main tourist attraction in Moscow. St Petersburg.

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St Petersburg
St Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia and one of the most beautiful cities in the world. St Petersburg, a city of great beauty, with palaces, cathedrals, churches, government buildings became the capital.

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Nature
The land of Russia varies from thick forests to barren deserts, from high peaked mountains to deep valleys. The world's deeps lake – lake Baikal, is situated in Russia, too. The scenery of Russia is diverse and amazing. There are many large forests, high mountains, impressive rivers and beautiful lakes. Russia is also famous for its vast steppes and the tundra, “the cold desert” which is in the extreme north. Lake Baikal

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State Symbols
Two-Headed Eagle The Hymn Three - coloured Banner Birch and Bear

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Three - coloured Вanner
The state symbol of Russia is a three- coloured banner with thee horizontal stripes: white, blue and red. The white stripe symbolizes the earth, the blue one – the sky, and the red one symbolizes liberty.

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The Hymn
The hymn of Russia is The Patriotic Song by Mikhail Glinka.

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Two – Headed Eagle
A new National Emblem is a two-headed eagle which is the most ancient symbol of Russia.

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Birch and Bear.
The wildlife and flora are very rich, and the birch tree and the bear have become the symbols of Russia.

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Lake Baikal
The largest lakes are Ladoga and Baikal. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and its water is the purest on earth.

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THE CAPITAL OF RUSSIA
THE MOST ATTRACTIVE MONUMENT OF RED SQUARE IS ST.BAZIL’S CATHEDRAL. THERE ARE MORE THAN 80 MUSEUMS IN OUR CAPITAL. THE LAGEST MUSEUMS ARE THE PUSHKIN MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, THE STATE TRETYAKOV CALLERY, THE STATE HISTORY MUSEUM THE POLYTECHNICAL MUSEUM. MOSCOW IS FAMOUS FOR ITS THEATRES. THE BEST-KNO WN IS THE BOLSHOI OPERA HOUSE. THE TRETYAKOV CALLERY
THERE IS A LOT TO SEE IN RUSSIA, BUT FIRST OF ALL, FOREIGN TOURISTS VISIT THE CAPITAL OF COUNTRY, MOSCOW, ITS ECONOMICAL AND CULTURAL CENTRE. THEY DREAM OF VISITING RED SQUARE, WHICH IS CALLED THE HEART OF MOSCOW, THE KREMLIN-THERE THEY CAN SEE OLDCATHEDRALS, THE BELL TOWER OF IVAN THE GREAT, THE STATE KREMLIN PALACE, THE TSAR CANNON AND THE TSAR BELL. THE KREMLIN

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TEST :DO YOU KNOW RUSSIA?
THE FOUNDER OF ST. PETERSBURG WAS : A) IVAN IV (THE TERRIBLE) B) PETER THE GREAT C) CATHERINE THE GREAT THE ’’GOLD RING OF RUSSIA’’ UNITES : A) LAKES B) ISLANDS C) THE OLDEST TOWNS AND CATHEDRALS RUSSIAN SPORTSMEN AND WOMEN ARE THE BEST IN : A) BASKETBALL B) FOOTBALL C) FIGURE-SKATING THE DIAMOND ROOM IS SITUATED IN : A) MOSCOW KREMLIN B) NOVGOROD KREMLIN C) PETERHOF THE CITY-HOST OF THE 22 OLYMPIC GAMES WAS : A) BARSELONA B) MOSCOW C) ATHENS
FOR BREKFAST RUSSIANS USUALLY HAVE : A) HAMBURGER B) SANDWICH C) CEREAL INDEPENDENCE DAY IN RUSSIANS IS CELEBRATED IN : A) OCTOBER B) NOVEMBER C) JUNE THE STATE HERMITAGE IS SITUATED IN : A) MOSCOW B) ST. RETERSBURG C) SUZDAL THE RUSSIAN HEAD OF STATE IS : A) TSAR B) PRESIDENT C) PRIME MINISTER SAKHALIN IS WASHED BY THE : A) PACIFIC OCEAN B) ATLANTIC OCEAN C) ARCTIC OCEAN

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THE RUSSIAN COAT OF ARMS HAS : A) TWO- HEADED EAGLE B) TWO CROWNS C) TWO CROSSES IN 1812 THERE WAS A WAR BETWEEN RUSSIA AND : A) FINLAND B) FRANCE C) GERMANY THIS CITY CAN BE FOUND ON MODERN MAPS : A) LENINGRAD B) GORKY C) YEKATERINBG M.P. MUSORGSKIY WAS : A) A SCIENTIST B) A PAINTER C) A COMPOSER
THE LAST RUSSIAN EMPEROR WAS : A) ALEXANDER II B) NICHOLAS I C) NICHOLAS II THE FIRST COSMONAUT WAS : A) TITOV B) GAGARIN C) LEONOV THE NEAREST RUSSIAN NEIGHBOUR IN THE FAR EAST IS : A) KOREA B) JAPAN C) MONGOLIA THE RUSSIAN NATIONAL COSTUME IS THE : A) SCIRT B) COAT C) SARAFAN