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The greatest of all playwrights and poets of all times.
Who exfctly was he ?
William was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon- Avon. His mother was the daughter of a farmer. His father was a glove-maker. William attended the local grammar school and got a classical education.
Although the name of William Shakespeare is well-known in the world, we know very little about his life.
In 1582 he married Anne Hathaway. During some years his three children were born: Susannah and then twins - a son, Hamnet and a girl, Judith.
In 1587 Shakespeare went to work in London, leaving his family at home. Soon he became an actor playing supporting roles. In 1599 William became a part owner of the Globe Theatre in London. Most of his plays were performed in the new Globe Theatre built on the bank of the River Thames.
Shakespeare wrote: 36 plays 154 sonnets 2 poems
AII THE WORLD’S A STAGE, AND AII THE MEN AND WOMEN MERELY PLAYERS.
Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
To be or not to be, that is a question:
Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing, end of them? To die-, to sleep,
No more, and, by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache, and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh in heir to; ‘tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish’d. To die, to sleep-
To sleep, perchance to dream…
Быть или не быть- таков вопрос;
Что благородней думам- покоряться
Пращам и стрелам яростной судьбы
Иль, ополчась на море смут, сразить их
Противоборством? Умереть, уснуть -
И только и сказать, что сном кончаешь
Тоску и тысячу природных мук
Наследье плоти,- как такой развязки
Не жаждать? Умереть, уснуть.-Уснуть!
Sonnet – a type of poem with 14 lines and regular rhymes
Возвышенность лексики и интонации
Четкое деление на строфы (катрены и терцеты)
Сонет – от sonetto (итал.)
Sonate – звучать, звенеть(итал.)
С 13 века
Родина – Италия.
Создатель – адвокат,
поэт Якопо да Лентини (Палермо)
William Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets. 126 are devoted to his friend, and only the last 28 – to his beloved lady
Henry Wrisly, earl Southgempton
Marry Fitton (Molly)
Globe theatre in London
The modern replica opened in 1997
In 1613 he stopped writing and came back to Stratford where he died in 1616.
This is the place where the house on which Shakespeare died used to be. It was a big house bought by William Shakespeare for his family when he was still in London. Here he spent the last years of his life. Unfortunately, the house was destroyed.
It’s interesting that William died on his birthday, 23 April.
HOLY TRINITY CHURCH STRATFORD
ONLY IN 1740, 124 YEARS AFTER HIS DEATH, MEMORIAL STATUE TO WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE WAS ERECTED IN POET’S
CORNER IN WESMINSTER ABBY.
William Shakespeare’s Grave
All's Well That Ends Well
As You Like It
The Comedy of Errors
Love's Labour's Lost
Measure for Measure
The Merchant of Venice
The Merry Wives of Windsor
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Much Ado About Nothing
Pericles, Prince of Tyre
The Taming of the Shrew
The Two Gentlemen of Verona
The Two Noble Kinsmen
The Winter's Tale
Henry IV, Part 1
Henry IV, Part 2
Henry VI, Part 1
Henry VI, Part 2
Henry VI, Part 3
Romeo and Juliet
Timon of Athens
Troilus and Cressida
Antony and Cleopatra
“To be or not to be, that is the question”
The beginning at the end.
The whirling of time.
There’s the rub.
All is well, that ends well.
To win golden opinions.
Вот в чём загвоздка.
Всё хорошо, что хорошо кончается.
Заслужить благоприятное мнение.
Language of Shakespeare
He used over 20,000 words in his works.
The average writer uses 7,500 words.
The English Dictionary of his time only had 500 words.
He’s credited with creating 3,000 words in the English Oxford Dictionary.
Many centuries have passed since his death, but Shakespeare is still considered to be the greatest of all playwrights and poets. His plays are still acted in the whole world.
THOUGH WRITTEN MORE THAN 400 YEARS AGO, HIS PLAYS CONTINUE TO BE READ AND PERFORMED.
«HE WAS NOT FOR AN AGE, BUT FOR ALL TIME.» Ben Jonson (1572-1637)