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President of the Russian Federation - the highest state office of the Russian Federation . Russian President is head of state , not related to any of the branches of government ; guarantor of the Constitution of Russia, the rights and freedoms of man and citizen in Russia ; supreme commander A candidate for the office of President of the Russian Federation : Russian citizen at least 35 years , permanently residing in the territory of the Russian Federation not less than 10 years. One and the same person can not hold the office of President of the Russian Federation for more than two consecutive terms. Authority: State shall appoint, with the approval . Duma of Russian Prime Minister , provides a candidate for the post of chairman of the Central Bank, judges gene . prosecutor calls elections to the State . Duma and the dissolution of her sign and promulgate FZ represents Russia in the international arena.
Russian State Duma
State . Duma - the lower house of the Federal Assembly ( parliament).
State . Duma consists of 450 deputies , members of their faction , Speaker State . Duma and his deputies . Since 2007 . State Duma deputies elected by proportional representation ( on party lists) .
Deputy State . Duma may be a citizen of the Russian Federation over 21 years and eligible to participate in the elections to be valid for 5 years ( with one and the same person can not simultaneously be a deputy of the State Duma and the Federation Council ) .
Authority: approval of candidates takes FZ takes state . federal budget .
The Federation Council
Federation Council - the upper house of the Federal Assembly ( parliament).
The Council of the Federation includes: 2 representatives from each subject of the Russian Federation - one of the representative and executive bodies of state power .
Authority: approval of changes in borders between subjects of the Russian Federation , approved by the president of the Russian Federation on the introduction of martial law , the appointment of presidential elections , adopted in the State . Duma a federal law may be either approved or rejected by the Federation Council , the appointment of judges of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation , the Supreme Court and the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation .
The Russian government
The Government of the Russian Federation - is the highest collegial executive body managing governance. The main task of the government - to enforce laws passed by the RF Federal Assembly (Parliament ) .
The government consists of ministers and chaired by the Prime Minister.
As the supreme organ of the executive government carries out activities aimed at the implementation of laws and operational management of public affairs. An important task of the government is to ensure social order and protection of citizens' rights .
The structure of government - with ministries , departments , agencies , federal agencies , etc.
The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation
The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation - is the judicial body of constitutional control , independently exercising judicial power through constitutional proceedings.
Russian Constitutional Court consists of 19 judges .
Powers : Allows jurisdictional disputes between public authorities , on the complaint against the violation of constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens and requests from courts review the constitutionality of the law , at the request of the President , the State Duma , the Government of the Russian Federation, the legislative bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation gives interpretation of the Constitution, By request of the Federation Council shall determine whether compliance with established procedures charges against the President of the Russian Federation.
Supreme Court - the highest judicial body for civil , criminal and administrative cases under the jurisdiction of courts of general jurisdiction.
Carries out by the Federal Law of procedural judicial supervision over the activities of courts of general jurisdiction , including military courts .
Is directly higher court in relation to the supreme courts of the republics , regional courts , courts of federal cities , autonomous region courts , the district (naval ) military courts .
Presidium of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation consists of 13 judges .
Candidate for the post of judge : age at least 25 years , a higher legal education, work experience in the legal field for over 5 years.
The Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation
The Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation is the highest judicial body for settlement of economic disputes.
The functions of the SAC RF: protection of infringed or contested rights and legitimate interests of enterprises, institutions, organizations and citizens in the sphere of entrepreneurial and other economic activity.
Assistance to strengthening of legality and the prevention of crime in the sphere of entrepreneurial and other economic activity.
The system of Arbitration courts:
-The Federal arbitration courts;
-Arbitration appellate courts;
-The arbitration courts of first instance subjects of the Russian Federation.
YOU judge the Russian Federation are appointed by the Federation Council on recommendation of the President of the Russian Federation.
Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation - is a single centralized system are subordinate prosecutors seniors and the Attorney General.
The functions of prosecution :
- Supervision of the execution of laws by federal departments and agencies , representative and executive bodies of subjects of the Federation, etc. for compliance with the regulations issued by them federal laws;
- The observance of human rights and freedoms ;
- Compliance with the law by the investigating authorities ;
- Preliminary inquiries and investigations ;
- Compliance with the law authorities of Corrections.
The Attorney General is appointed and dismissed by the Federation Council on the proposal of the President.
UK Political System.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. This means that Great Britain is governed by the Parliament and the Queen is Head of State.
The legislative power in the country is exercised by the Houses of Parliament. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords is composed of hereditary and life peers and peeresses. The members of the House of Commons are elected by the people. They are elected from the constituencies in England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland. The House of Commons is the real governing body of the UK. The executive power is exercised by Prime Minister and his Cabinet.
The government is usually formed by the political party which is supported by the majority in the House of Commons. Prime Minister is the majority party leader and is appointed by the Queen. Prime Minister chooses a team of ministers; 20 of the ministers are in the Cabinet.
The second largest party becomes the official opposition with its own leader and the Shadow Cabinet. The two leading parties in Great Britain are the Conservative Party (the Tories) and the Labour Party.
The judiciary branch of the government determines common law and is independent of both the legislative and the executive branches.
There is no written constitution in Great Britain, only precedents and traditions.
The Prime Minister
leader of the majority party,
appointed by the Queen
The House of Commons
650 elected members
The House of Lords
peers, life peers
all men and women over 18
WHAT'S IT LIKE BEING QUEEN? Being Queen is a really busy job. Elizabeth II gets up early and begins the day by looking through the newspapers. Then she reads letters from the public (she gets more than 1000 each week), and tells her staff how she would like them to be answered. The Queen has daily meetings with her Private Secretary who helps her to go through her paperwork, and lots of meetings with ambassadors, new judges, and bishops. In the afternoon Elizabeth II often goes out on public engagements — she gets thousands of invitations each year. She opens new hospitals, bridges and factories. Being Queen is not a 9 to 5 job, and Elizabeth II has to work from early in the morning until late at night. And people watch her all the time. Of course, she has some free time, and some private life, but less than most people. In her spare time Elizabeth II enjoys horse racing, fishing, and walking in the countryside. She also enjoys photography and likes taking photos on her travels. In 50 years the Queen has been on 251 official visits to 128 different countries.
Complete sentences and tell about political system of Great Britain:
The head of the state is…
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The History of the British Monarchy.
1066 – The Normans came to Britain. William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy, ruled the country with a firm hand: he made laws and determined policies. No one revised his bills.
1215 – King John the Lackland succeeded his brother Richard 1 the Lionheart. He was an unpopular and unsuccessful king: he lost most of the English territory in France, and his methods of raising large amounts of money by taxation annoyed the barons so much that they forced him to sign Magna Carta, which limited royal powers. People got certain political and civil freedoms which have been fundamental principles of the British constitution ever since.
1295 – Parliament was formed where lords and rich people discussed political problems and new taxes.
1509 - 1547 – King Henry 8 had great power: parliament did what the king wanted.
1649 -1660 – The rule of the House of Commons was led by Oliver Cromwell, an English general and politician. He became the leader of the Parliamentarian army in the English Civil War. After the execution of Charles 1 he crushed the opposition, dissolved Parliament, took the title of Lord Protector of England and ruled the country as a dictator until his death.
1660 -1832 – the Monarch and the House of Lords returned.
Today - the Queen and Parliament act under the unwritten British constitution.
Thank you for attention
Evgeny Shcheglov 10 class