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«Roots of English»
Hi guys. I am an English historian Bamridge. Today we will talk about the roots of the English language.
General similarity of the English language
In the 9th century BC name 'English' was used to refer to all German dialects common in the British Isles .
In 5-6 centuries BC Britain sailed across the North Sea Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians .
These languages belong to the German group. Today's English closest to Frisian, Flemish, Dutch and German languages and is some what similar to Icelandic, Norwegian, Danish and Swedish.
In modern Icelandic preserved some features of a thousand years ago, lost in modern English. Therefore, Icelandic language most similar to Old English.
Similarities between Frisian and English
Frisian - the closest relative of English. Frisian language was very similar to Old English. This similarity is explained by the shift of a sound that was unique to Frisian and English.
In Frisian there are similarities between the grammar and English numerals, for example:
fiif (frieze) - five (english)
[G] in certain positions has become a [J].
juster (frieze) – yesterday (english)
[K] at the beginning of the word has changed, as has happened in English:
tsiis (frieze) – cheese (english)
Similarities between German and English
Since English and German are different foreign languages taught in school, they have a lot like that.
Similarities explained belonging to the family of Indo-European languages. German and English are Germanic group of languages.
Germany at that time was the leading country of mining and metallurgical industry. From Germany to England, arriving mining specialists. During the reign of Elizabeth Tudor were founded two industrial companies, led by the Germans.
Because communication between people who speak German and English, there was the confusion of tongues. All this led to a mutual influence on each other languages.
Gradual interpenetration cultures facilitates movement of the lexical units of one language to another, whereby each language vocabulary enriched separately.
These lexical units is identical in writing:
museum, job, figure, ball, name, mineral, pause, synonym, doctor
museum, gob, figure, ball, name, mineral, pause, synonym, doctor
Similarities between English and Dutch
Dutch language belongs to the West Germanic subgroup. The sound of the Dutch language is English. The similarity of the Dutch language with English is not only grammatically but also in lexical terms:
boek - book
water - water
Today, the development of the Dutch language is greatly influenced by the English language. The reason - the new technologies and scientific and technical progress.
Many linguists argue that amid increasing interference of English lost the uniqueness and originality of the Dutch language. In the vocabulary of the Dutch a large number of borrowings from English.
Thank you for your attention!