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CHILD LABOR IN THE VICORIAN TIME
Where did the poor live?
a. slums b. palaces c. small houses
During Victoria’s reign flying was possible using…
a. an airplane b. a hot air balloon c. a helicopter
Which of these was not one of Victoria’s titles?
a. Queen of Britain b. Queen of India c. Queen of Russia
On a map of the world in Victorian times the British Empire was often coloured…
a. blue b. green c. red
Which was the biggest country in the British Empire?
a. Britain b. Canada c. New Zealand
ragged clothes [rægd kləuðz] лохмотья
cruel [kruəl] жестокий
servant ['sə:vənt] слуга
chimney sweep ['tʃɪmnɪ swi:p] трубочист
narrow ['nærəu] узкий
orphans ['ɔ:fn] сироты
owner ['əunə] владелец
employ [ɪm'plɔɪ] нанимать
nimble ['nɪmbl] ловкий, проворный
thread [θred] нить
scrap [skræp] клочок
trucks of coal [trʌk əv kəul] тележка с углем
The main reason English children were employed was because they were…
a. small b. cheap c. parents didn’t want them at home
At what age did many Victorian children start work?
a. 5 b. 10 c. 15
How could you tell a poor Victorian child from a rich one?
a. no shoes b. no hat c. no trousers
Which of these would children have sold in the streets?
a. batteries b. toys c. flowers
Which of these was most likely to have killed a child?
a. road accident b. disease c. drugs
What did a “trapper” do?
a. catch rats b. open and shut doors c. sing to the miners
What was the age limit allowed for a child to work in a coal mine?
a. 10 b. 5 c. no limit
Which of these did Victorian not use for energy?
a. horses b. coal c. nuclear power
Where did the light in a Victorian coal mine come from?
a. holes from the roof b. candles c. electric light
“Scavengers” crawled beneath machines to pick up…
a. scraps of cotton b. sweets c. money
Putters and Trappers
Look through the statements and agree or disagree with them.
Children worked from the age of 8.
Their jobs were easy and safe.
Street children and orphans usually worked as chimney sweeps.
Children worked 3 hours a day.
The queen Victoria stated first schools for poor children.
Complete the sentences
In Victorian times, many families had…
Children from richer homes were…
Most people thought work was good for…
Factory owners employed children because…
'Piecers' mended broken…
Declaration of the Rights of the Child (Plain Language Version)
All children have the right to what follows, no matter what their race, colour sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, or where they were born or who they were born to.
You have the special right to grow up and to develop physically and spiritually in a healthy and normal way, free and with dignity.
You have a right to a name and to be a member of a country.
You have a right to special care and protection and to good food, housing and medical services.
You have the right to special care if handicapped in any way.
You have the right to love and understanding, preferably from parents and family, but from the government where these cannot help.
You have the right to go to school for free, to play, and to have an equal chance to develop yourself and to learn to be responsible and useful. Your parents have special responsibilities for your education and guidance.
You have the right always to be among the first to get help.
You have the right to be protected against cruel acts or exploitation, e.g. you shall not be obliged to do work which hinders your development both physically and mentally. You should not work before a minimum age and never when that would hinder your health, and your moral and physical development.
You should be taught peace, understanding, tolerance and friendship among all people.
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