Презентация - Forming Gerund

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Forming Gerund
Урок английского языка в 10 классе Учитель Новицкая Елена Николаевна

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1. A brief review of gerunds and how to form them.
Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs:
walking, talking, thinking, listening
Gerunds are formed by adding ING to verbs:
think + ing = thinking

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However, there are a few spelling rules that you need to know in order to form gerunds correctly. The spelling of a gerund depends on the vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and consonants (b, c, d, f, etc.) at the end of the verb:
If there is more than one consonant, just add ING:
jump + ing =jumping jump + ing =jumping

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If there is more than one vowel, just add ING:
beat + ing = beating beat + ing = beating
If there is one vowel and one consonant, and the syllable is stressed, double the consonant and add ING:
hit + t + ing hitting hit + t + ing hitting

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If there are one or more consonants and E, remove the E and add ING:
take + ing taking take + ing taking
In most other cases, just add ING:
study + ing studying study + ing studying
see + ing seeing see + ing seeing

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What is the gerund formed from these words? Click here

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1. A brief review of the differences between gerunds and infinitives.
Gerunds are formed with ing :
walking, talking, thinking, listening
Infinitives are formed with to:
to walk, to talk, to think, to listen

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But…
Only gerunds can be the object of a preposition:
We are talking about writing in English. We are talking about writing in English.

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It is often difficult to know when to use a gerund and when to use an infinitive. These guidelines may help you:
Gerunds are often used when actions are real, concrete or completed:
I stopped smoking. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.) I stopped smoking. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.)

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Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future:
I stopped to smoke. (I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.) I stopped to smoke. (I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.)

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When you are ready, you can go on to the exercises. Choose the correct form (infinitive with or without to or gerund). Click here