Презентация - Шотландия

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Scotland: the autonomous country (from 1707) The capital: Edinburgh The official languages: English, Scottish - Gaelic, Scots The form of government: constitutional monarchy Population: 5 295 400 people

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Scotland - the northern third of the island of Great Britain and neighboring islands - Hebrides, Orkney and Shetland The area of Scotland – 78 882 km2

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The Flag (Saint Andrew's Cross)
blue cloth Saltire (X-образный крест)
to be crucified – быть распятым

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Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland (from 1707)
- the lion on the shield a golden helmet with the royal crown above the shield the lion, holding the golden sword with the silver blade and the golden scepter the motto of Scotland “In My Defense God Me Defend” above the lion the silver crowned Unicorns with golden arms, chained in gold chain

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Parliament of Scotland
Composition: 126 members, the Presiding Officer and two Substituents of the Presiding Officer

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Population Scots – 88 % Englishmen – 7 % Irish and Poles – 100 000

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Scotland – one of the most educational countries in the world 45 % of population (25-64) – Higher and post-graduate education

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The faith
- The majority - the adherents (приверженцы) of the national Church of Scotland 16 % - adherents to the Roman Catholic Church 28% - atheists

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The administrative division Scotland consists of 32 Council areas 6 cities of Scotland: Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Stirling and Inverness

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Climate - temperate oceanic - The coldest month – January and February (the average maximum temperature 5-7°C) - The warmest month – June and August (19°C) - southwest wind - frequent storms

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The Tay – 193 km.
The Spey – 172 km.
The Clyde – 171 km.

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- The fresh-water reservoirs – “Loch”. - 90 % of the fresh-water reservoirs.

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Loch Lomond (71,1 km2 ) – the biggest lake in the size.

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The Loch Ness(56,4 km2 ) – the biggest lake on the volume (more water than all the lakes of Wales and England together)

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The Grampian Mountains
Scotland-the most mountainous country. The highest mountains are in The Grampian Mountains.

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The highest top of the Great Britain- The Ben Nevis. (1344 m.) (The Western part)

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Edinburgh – the capital of Scotland (since 1437) The position: the eastern coast of Scotland, on the southern coast of the gulf the Firth of Forth. Population: 468 070 people

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- the second economic center in the UK and the fifth in the Europe. - one of the most prosperous economic regions in the UK

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The economy areas: - Brewery -Tourism
The Caledonian Brewery

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Edinburgh’s museums
-National Gallery of Scotland -Scottish National Portrait Gallery
- Scotch Whisky Heritage Centre -Museum of Childhood

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- The Edinburgh International Festival - The Edinburgh International Film Festival - The  Edinburgh International Book Festival - The Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo

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The West End festival (since 1996)- the festival including performances of street theaters, musical and dancing actions, carnival processions, parades

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Glasgow – the biggest city of Scotland Position: the west of the central part, on the river Clyde Population: 629 501 people

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The economic areas: - shipbuilding - machine-building

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70 parks -The Kelvingrove Park -The Queens Park -Glasgow Green

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“Loch Ness”
“Loch Ness Monster”

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The Royal Mile

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Edinburgh Castle - the most famous castle (12 century) Position: the top of the extinct volcano.

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The Hebrides- the archipelago, consisting of several tens of islands .

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The Forth Bridge (1890) - one of the first console bridges of the world.
200 trains

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Kelburn castle (XIII century) Position: North Ayrshire

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Stirling castle (12 century) Position: top of the extinct volcano in the field of Stirling.

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Palace of Holyroodhouse - the official residence of the Queen in Scotland

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National Scottish cuisine

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local delicacy

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a popular dish in Scotland

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The Scots love desserts

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Scottish national costume

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the main distinguishing feature

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Tartan - woolen cloth with a pattern of lines of different widths and different colors , which intersect each other at right angles.

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Clan in Scotland is a group of families bearing the same surname.
a bagpipe

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Scottish dancing
The majority of Scottish dancing simple and incendiary.

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Scottish games

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Traditions of Scotland are numerous: among them traditional tartan fabric and tradition of the game of Golf and salmon fishing.

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The Literature of Scotland The main languages of Scottish literature are Gaelic, Latin, and old English.

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Robert Burns (1759-1796)
"national bard"

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Walter Scott (1771-1832) The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border.
Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894).

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Cinematography of Scotland One of the national artistic creation

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Michael Caton-Jones (1957)
famous Scottish producer

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Famous Actors of Scotland: Sean Connery, Ewan McGregor, James McAvoy, Robbie Coltrane

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The famous films: "Braveheart" (1995) "Highlander" (1986) "39 steps" (1935). "Whisky galore" (1949) "The Prime of miss Jean Brodie" (1969) "My childhood" (1972), "My family" (1973), "My way home" (1978)

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The National Symbols: The Apostle Andrew - the patron of Scotland

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Bagpipe - national musical instrument, the unofficial symbol of Scotland

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Unicorn – the traditional holder the shield

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The thistle – semi-official national symbol of Scotland (protection from the Vikings)

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