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Relative pronouns & adverbs
Презентацию выполнила учитель английского языка МБОУ «СОШ №11» г. Кемерово,
Комогорова Маргарита Николаевна
We use relative pronouns:
who/that to refer to people
That's the clergyman (священник) who married them.
which/that to refer to things
This is the house which he bought.
whose with people, animals and objects to show possession (instead a possessive adjective)
I have a brother whose car is red.
John has a dog whose tail is black.
Relative pronouns are used to connect the main clause (главное предложение) with the relative clauses (придаточное определительное).
omitted - опущенный
Who, which and that can be omitted when they are the object of the relative clause.
He’s the person (who) I am going to cooperate with.
Who, which and that is not omitted when it is the subject of a relative clause.
The man who owns that shop is Italian.
instead of – вместо preposition - предлог
Whom can be used instead of who when it is the object of the relative clause. Whom is always used instead of who or that after a preposition.
That’s the boy to whom Stella was talking on the phone yesterday.
Whose is never omitted.
That’s the woman whose husband is our new boss.
We use relative adverbs:
when/that to refer to a time (and can be omitted)
That was the year (when/that) we graduated from University.
where to refer a place
The restaurant where we first met is going to be pulled down (сносить).
why to give a reason, usually after the word reason
The reason (why) she left is still unclear.