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In 1990 the Kremlin and Red Square were among the very first sites in Russia added to UNESCO's World Heritage List. 7 form. Unit “Russia is my homeland”
Moscow is the capital of Russia, its political, economic and cultural centre. It was founded by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky in 1147.
Moscow began with the Kremlin. It was built of oak logs, and in 1367 Prince Dmitri Donskoi built a wall of white stone around the Kremlin hill. Tzar Ivan III built new walls and towers of red brick, as we see them today. The Spasskaya Tower is the tallest tower of the Kremlin: 71 metres tall. It was built in 1491. The Kremlin is the oldest historical and architectural centre of Moscow. Its three cathedrals, the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great, the palaces attract the tourists' attention. The Tzar Cannon and the Tzar Bell, the biggest cannon and bell in the world, are also in the Kremlin.
Cathedral Square was for centuries the symbolic heart of old Russia.
Though Peter the Great moved the capital to St.Petersburg in 1712, Moscow remained the heart of Russia. After the October revolution Moscow became the capital again. The Kremlin became the seat of the new Soviet Government.
The heart of Moscow is Red Square, the central and the most beautiful square in Moscow. Here one can see St.Basil's Сathedral.
Monument to Minin and Pozharsky
Tourists can see the monument to Minin and Pozharsky.
The only sculptured monument on the square is a bronze statue of Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky, who helped to clear Moscow from the Polish invaders in 1612, during the Times of Trouble.
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Могила Неизвестного Солдата) is a war memorial, dedicated to the Soviet soldiers killed during World War II. It is located at the Kremlin Wall in the Alexander Garden in Moscow.
In 1990 the Kremlin and Red Square were among the very first sites in Russia added to UNESCO's World Heritage List.