Презентация - The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the world map

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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the world map.

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The four countries of the United Kingdom.

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Belfast in Northern Ireland
Their capitals are:
Cardiff in Wales
Edinburgh in Scotland
London in England

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Symbols of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Coat of Arms
National Animals
National Flowers
Patron Saints

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National symbols of the United Kingdom
National Animals:
Flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Union Flag or Union Jack
The British Flag: a symbol of unity

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The Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom
The Lion and the Unicorn are heraldic symbols of the United Kingdom. The lion stands for England and the unicorn for Scotland.
The shield is quartered: the three passant guardant lions of England the rampant lion and double tressure fleury-counter-fleury of Scotland a harp for Ireland. The crest is a statant guardant lion wearing the imperial crown. The dexter supporter is a crowned English lion; the sinister, a Scottish unicorn. The heraldic unicorn is chained.
The coat features both the motto of English monarchs, Dieu et mon droit (God and my right), and the motto of the Order of the Garter, Honi soit qui mal y pense (Shamed be he who thinks ill of it).

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The Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom as used in Scotland. (Coat of Arms of Queen Elizabeth as issued in Scotland)
The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom. (Coat of Arms of Queen Elizabeth II as issued in England, Wales and Northern Ireland)
Versions of the Royal coat of arms:

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The coat of arms used by the British Government
This variant of the coat of arms is used by the Scotland Office
This variant of the Royal Arms is used by other members of the Royal Family; and by the British Government in connection with the administration and government of the country.

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Dover House, the London headquarters of the Scotland Office in Whitehall. This is the entrance to the Scotland Office.
The Scottish Office, the UK government department responsible for Scottish affairs.
What is the Scottish Office? Is it in Scotland?

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At Governor's Palace, Williamsburg, Virginia: the royal arms of the Hanoverian period.
Royal Coat of Arms at Fingask Castle, Perth and Kinross, Scotland
The British one pound coin, from 1983, ornamental royal arms.
The Use of the Coat of Arms.

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In 2008, a new series of designs for all seven coins of £1 and below was unveiled by the Royal Mint, every one of which is drawn from the Royal Arms. The full Royal Arms appear on the one pound coin, and sections appear on each of the other six, such that they can be put together like a puzzle to make another complete representation of the Royal Arms.
The new designs have been chosen via an open competition. The winning designer is 26-year-old Matthew Dent, originally from Bangor who now lives and works in London as a graphic designer.

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Royal Standard of the United Kingdom
The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom is the flag used by Queen Elizabeth II in her capacity as Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Different standards are used:
The Royal Standard used outside Scotland.
The Royal Standard used in Scotland.
Although almost universally called a standard, such flags when used in the United Kingdom are banners of arms, as they comprise the shield of the Royal Arms. Outside of the United Kingdom, the Royal Standard is usually a national flag with a blue disc containing a wreath of gold roses encircling the crowned letter 'E', (for 'Elizabeth'), superimposed upon it. Variants of the Royal Standard are used for other members of the British Royal Family.
The Royal Standard is flown at royal residences only when the sovereign is present.

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The Royal Standard used in Scotland flying above the Palace of Holyroodhouse
The Royal Standard flying above Buckingham Palace

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The motto of the British Monarch.
Dieu et mon droit (French) - "God and my right"
It appears on a scroll beneath the shield of the coat of arms of the United Kingdom. The motto refers to the divine right of the Monarch to govern and is said to have first been adopted as the royal motto of England by King Henry V in the 15th century.
It was first used as a password by King Richard I in 1198 at the Battle of Gisors, when he defeated the forces of Philip II of France. This implies that Richard owed his royalty to no power other than God and his own heredity, and was therefore subject to no earthly power nor other monarch. This can be taken as a direct reference to the doctrine of the Divine Right of Kings.
Henry V (1386–87 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He was known as Richard the Lionheart, because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior.

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"King" is replaced with "Queen" in the lyrics whenever the monarch is female. The anthem's name, however, remains "God Save the King".
The National and Royal anthem of the United Kingdom and territories.
God Save the Queen (standard version) God save our gracious Queen, Long live our noble Queen, God save the Queen: Send her victorious, Happy and glorious, Long to reign over us: God save the Queen. O Lord, our God, arise, Scatter her enemies, And make them fall. Confound their politics, Frustrate their knavish tricks, On Thee our hopes we fix, God save us all. Thy choicest gifts in store, On her be pleased to pour; Long may she reign: May she defend our laws, And ever give us cause To sing with heart and voice God save the Queen.
The first definitive published version of the present tune appeared in 1744.
There is no definitive version of the lyrics.
The standard version of the melody is still that of the original.
The phrase "God Save the King" is much older than the song.
"God Save the King"
The phrase "God Save the King" long predates the song and as seen in this poster from World War I it remains a rallying cry to the support of the monarch and the nation's forces.

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The Union Flag, popularly known as the Union Jack. The national flag of the United Kingdom, 1801 - …
Why is it called the Union Flag?

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Saint Patrick’s Cross (Ireland)
Saint George’s Cross (England)
Saint Andrew’s Cross (Scotland)
Scottish Union Flag used in Scotland from early 17th century (1606) -1707.
The first Union Flag used in the Kingdom of England from 1606 (England), 1707 (Scotland) -1801.
The flag of Scotland, 1300 - …
The flag of England, 1275 - …
The second Union Flag. 1801, still remains the flag of the United Kingdom.
The alternative Union Flag

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1953 - 1972
The Ulster Banner - Flag of the Former Government of Northern Ireland between (1953-1972) and still used to represent Northern Ireland in some sporting events in which Northern Ireland competes.
Saint Patrick's saltire. A red saltire on a white field. Used to represent Ireland in the Union Flag and unofficially to represent Ireland from the Act of Union to the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
1783 - 1922
1275 -
Flag of Scotland, also known as the St Andrew's Cross, or the Saltire. A white saltire on a blue field. National flag used by Scottish Government and agencies, as well as by ordinary citizens.
1300 -
Flag of England, also known as the St George's Cross. A red cross on a white field. It is used mainly by the Church of England.
A red cross on a white field with a red hand, on a six pointed white star, crowned (representing the six counties in Northern Ireland).
There is no official National flag of Northern Ireland.

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How to draw the Union Jack — accurately
The Union Jack is often drawn incorrectly.

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Correct way to fly the flag, assuming flagpole to the left.
The cross of St Patrick abuts at a right-angle to the white edge of the cross of St George
Incorrect way to fly the flag, unless flagpole is to the right.

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Correct Way
Wrong way
The UK flag is NOT entirely symmetrical! You can rotate the flag and it still will be the right way up but you can't invert it (not refective symmetry).
The broader (wider) diagonal white stripe should be at the top on the side of the flag nearest the flagpole.
The Union Flag with the St. George's Cross removed showing how the saltires (diagonal crosses) are counterchanged.

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the Union flag upside down on Channel 4 television
The Union Flag flying upside down

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1959 -
The Flag of Wales, also known as the Red Dragon or Y Ddraig Goch ('the red dragon‘).
A red passant dragon on a green and white field (the Tudor colours - green and white).
National flag is used by the Welsh Assembly Government and agencies.
It was used by Henry VII at the battle of Bosworth in 1485 after which it was carried in state to St. Paul’s Cathedral.
Henry VII (before accession known as Henry Tudor; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509, as the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
St. Paul’s Cathedral
The cathedral is one of London's most famous and most recognisable sights.

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National Days in the UK
Each of the countries that make up the United Kingdom have their own National Day, named after their respective patron saint:
Northern Ireland
Saint David
Saint Patrick
Saint George
Saint Andrew
Patron Saints

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National Days in the UK
Each of the countries that make up the United Kingdom have their own National Day, named after their respective patron saint:
Northern Ireland
Saint David
Saint Patrick
Saint George
Saint Andrew
St. David's Day
St. Patrick's Day
St. George's Day
St. Andrew's Day
1 March
Patron Saints
National days
17 March
23 April
30 November
official holiday
official holiday

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National Emblems in the UK
(National Flowers)

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The national emblem of England is a red rose.
The flower has been adopted as England’s emblem since the time of the Wars of the Roses - civil wars (1455-1485) between
The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union Rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England and takes its name and origins from the Tudor dynasty.
the royal house of York (whose emblem was a white rose)
Upon Henry Tudor's ascension to the throne the Red Rose was merged with the White Rose of York to form the Tudor Rose.
the royal house of Lancaster (whose emblem was a red rose)

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The Scottish Bluebell (the Harebell) is also seen as the flower of Scotland.
The national emblem and national flower of Scotland is the thistle, a prickly-leaved purple flower.
It was first used in the 15th century as a symbol of defence.
As legend has it, an invading army had attempted to sneak up at night on the Scots. One, perhaps barefooted, unwelcome foreign soldier stumbled upon a Scots Thistle, and cried out in pain, thus alerting Scots to their presence.

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The national emblems of Wales are daffodils and leeks.
St David's Day is commemorated by the wearing of daffodils or leeks. Both plants are traditionally regarded as national emblems.
The daffodil is closely associated with St. David’s day, due to belief that it flowers on that day (1 March). It became an alternative to the leek as a Welsh floral emblem in the 20th century, because some thought the leek vulgar.
St David advised the Welsh, on the eve of battle with the Saxons, to wear leeks in their caps to distinguish friend from the enemy. Shakespeare mentions in Henry V, that the Welsh archers wore leeks at the battle of Agincourt in 1415. The other is the belief that St.David is supposed to have lived for several years on bread and wild leek.

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The national flower of Northern Ireland is the shamrock, a three-leaved plant similar to clover.
An Irish tale tells of how Patrick used the three-leafed shamrock to explain the Trinity. He used it in his sermons to represent how the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit could all exist as separate elements of the same entity. His followers adopted the custom of wearing a shamrock on his feast day.
St Patrick's day is marked by the wearing of shamrocks (a clover-like plant), the national emblem of both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
Northern Ireland
Flax is also the emblem of Northern Ireland and used by the Northern Ireland Assembly. In a coronet, it appeared on the reverse of the British one pound coin to represent Northern Ireland on coins minted in 1986 and 1991. Flax also represents Northern Ireland on the badge of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and on various logos associated with it.

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Northern Ireland
National Animals
The Red Dragon is the heraldic symbol of Wales, and is incorporated into the Welsh national flag.
The dragon symbol has been used in Wales since the Romans invaded and occupied Wales (in the 1st century AD, almost 2000 years ago).
Hampton Court Unicorn

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Northern Ireland
Coat of Arms
The Coat of Arms of Northern Ireland, with supporters (since 1925)
Royal Badge of Wales (since 2008)
Contains three gold lions passant (three gold lions with their right forepaws raised and their heads facing the viewer) on a red field.
Contains a red lion rampant on a gold field.

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The Motto.
Dieu et mon droit (French) – "God and my right"
Formerly “Quis separabit?” (Latin) – "Who will separate?"
4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards
Royal Ulster Rifles
Irish Guards
Cymru am byth (Welsh) – "Wales forever"
In My Defens God Me Defend (Scots)

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National Anthems.
England – "Land of Hope and Glory"
Words by: Arthur C. Benson Music by: Edward Elgar First performed: 1901
Northern Ireland – "A Londonderry Air"
Words by: Katherine Tynan Hinkson Music by: traditional In use to: 1972
Scotland – "Flower of Scotland"
Words by: Roy Williamson Music by: Roy Williamson In use since: 1990
Wales – "Hen wlad fy nhadau" (Land of my Fathers)
Words by: Evan James (Welsh), W. S. Gwynn Williams (English) Music by: James James In use since: 1858

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The United Kingdom flag was officially adopted on January 1, ______
and ___________________________________ (diagonal x-shaped red saltire).
It's a composite flag of
___________________________________ (the centered red cross bordered in white),
England's St. George's Cross
___________________________________ (the diagonal white cross on the blue field),
Saint Andrew's Cross of Scotland
the Patron Saint of Ireland

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Name these Floral National Emblems.
Which country do they refer to?