Презентация - Ways of developing students' writing skills in elementary school

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Ways of developing students' writing skills in elementary school
Done by: Ganiyeva Sh.

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Introduction
Methods of teaching writing skills
Advantages and disadvantages
Teaching writing through games
Conclusion

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Normal handwriting development
Aged 5-7 • Development of a dominant hand • Print letters and numbers begin to form words • By 7 years – remain in print writing but neatly within the lines • Draw accurate pictures of person, objects
Aged 7-10 • Development of cursive writing • By 10 years – producing fluent cursive writing accurately within the lines • Accurately use scissors

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How do most people hold the pencil
3 finger tripod
• 4 Finger Grip Thumb wrap/middle finger guide
4 Finger Grip
Tripod

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Importance of Good Sitting Posture
Start with Stability In therapy we talk about the 90-90-90 rule. This means that when seated at a desk, we want to ensure the following: •Feet flat on the floor 90 degrees at ankles •Knees bent at 90 degrees •Hips at 90 degrees The top of the desk should be approximately 2 inches above the elbows when the arms are bent at the student’s side. This will ensure that the child’s neck, shoulders, arms, hands and fingers are relaxed.

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Writing Tools that Facilitate a Good Grasp
PENCILS/CRAYONS: • Use SHORT and FAT crayons/pencils • Build up with wikkistix • Break crayons

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Writing Tools that Facilitate a Good Grasp
GRIPPERS: Use grippers on pencils to facilitate finger placement Use winged grippers for children who cross their thumb over the pencil Try different grippers

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The Writing Surface
Use dry erase boards to teach formation of letters then practice on paper Use paper with clear defined lines Make boxes where you want children to write. One letter per box to one word per box.

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Teaching Letter Formation
• Go from TRACE to COPY to WRITE • Trace a highlighted letter rather than dotted. • Have children copy a word exactly UNDER the sample. • All letters are formed from TOP to BOTTOM and LEFT to RIGHT. (Left handed children can go from right to left)

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• Adopt an eclectic approach to teaching handwriting. (HWT is a framework and guideline…some children need more than that) • Letters are a combination of a few basic strokes. Teach the strokes first. Make them “feel” the difference • For very young children I start by teaching them basic strokes and I like to add a sound to each stroke (Based on ABC Boom) • Make writing fun with a multisensory approach sand, rice, shaving cream, paint, stickers, blocks, yarn, wikkistix, textured surfaces etc…

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From Handwriting without Tears
• From HWT I use the formation of the letters and the order of the letters. First teach letters with vertical and horizontals: L F E H T I Then teach circular letters: U C O Q G S J D P B R Lastly teach letters with diagonals: K A M N V W X Y Z • Teach formation of uppercase letters first then graduate to lowercase letters. • However I like to teach the CONCEPT of upper and lower case letters from the very beginning.

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Stages of writing
• Stage-1:Brainstorming • Stage-2: Planning/Structuring • Stage-3: Mind mapping. • Stage-4: Writing the first draft • Stage-5: Peer feedback • Stage-6: Editing • Stage-7: Final draft Stage-8: Evaluation and teachers’ feedback.

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Methods of teaching writing
Zaitsev's method Doman's methodology Playing method Creative method Project method Combined method

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14 ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE KIDS’ WRITING SKILLS
READ UP MAKE IT FUN! CREATE WRITING WORKSHEETS TRY DIFFERENT MATERIALS WRITE LETTERS ENCOURAGE JOURNALLING CREATE A WRITING SPACE INVEST TIME
CONNECT THEIR INTERESTS CREATE STORY PROMPTS MODEL IT USE TECHNOLOGY TO YOUR ADVANTAGE MAKE IT PART OF YOUR DAILY ROUTINE PRAISE THEIR WORK

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Conclusion
To sum up, writing isn’t rocket science. It’s a basic skill that can be practiced over and over again. With your help, your students can become better and better as the time passes. As mentioned earlier, you play a huge role in their education and in their skills development process. The moment you decide that you want to take a bigger responsibility concerning your student’s writing aptitudes, you will be one step closer to what you want to achieve with them. Try different types of motivation techniques and instructions, and observe what’s working best for your students. You CAN truly make a difference, and you should!

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Any Questions?

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Thank you for attention!!!