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Direct and reported speech (Прямая и косвенная речь)
Прямая речь – речь какого-либо лица, передаваемая буквально так, как она была произнесена. Косвенная речь- речь, передаваемая не слово в слово, а только по содержанию, в виде дополнительных придаточных предложений. Прямая речь Косвенная речь John says,”I enjoy reading.” John said that he enjoyed reading Запомни! Из прямой речи в косвенную произведи следующие изменения: - косвенная речь вводится глаголом said и союзом (that); - кавычки опускаются; -личные и притяжательные местоимения прямой речи заменяются по смыслу, как и в русском языке. Robert:” Reading plays an important role in my life.” Robert said that reading played an important role in his life.
Sequence of tenses (Согласование времен) Direct speech Reported speech Present Simple Past Simple I don’t like watching TV. He said that he didn’t like watching TV. Present Perfect Past Perfect I have seen this show. He said that he had seen that show. Past Simple Past Perfect I saw this show yesterday. He said that he had seen that show the day before. The show started in 2000. He said that show started in 2000. Past Perfect Past Perfect I had watched 2 of my favourite TV shows by 4 p.m. He said that he had watched 2 of his favourite TV shows by 4 p.m. Future Simple Future in the Past I will watch this show tomorrow. He said that he would watch that show the next day.
Измени следующие модальные глаголы can could I can take part in this project. He said that he could take part in that project may might You may watch this show. She said I might watch that show. have to / has to had to I have to go to school She said that she had to go to school
Переход прямой речи в косвенную: - прямая речь является вопросительным предложением. Если прямой вопрос начинается с вспомогательного или модального глагола, то косвенный вопрос вводится союзом if (в значении -ли); порядок слов повествовательного предложения. Lisa asked, ”Have you been to school?” Lisa asked if I had been to school. - если прямой вопрос начинается с вопросительного слова, то косвенный вопрос присоединяется к главному предложению при помощи того же вопросительного слова; порядок слов прямой, т.е. как в повествовательном предложении. John asked, ‘What did he tell you about his trip?’ John asked what he had told me about his trip.
Задание на закрепление I. Put these statements into Reported Speech. 1) ‘I can’t swim very well’, I said. 2) Andrew said: ’I want to go swimming’. 3) ‘I will phone you later’, Sarah said. 4) Annie said: ‘I go shopping every day’. 5) I told him: ‘I like tea’. 6) Olaf said: ‘My father does a lot of business with England’. 7)The woman said: ‘I will pay you two pounds’. 8) She said to Lilian: ‘You can come with me’ 9) He said: ‘I think it will be interesting’. 10) My friend told me: ‘You can go there for a year’. 11) She said: ‘Nothing will make me do it’. 12)Mike said: ‘My friend may paint’. 13) She said: ‘I have to help them’. 14)’I will have lunch on Saturday’, he said. 15) The teacher said: ‘I will give you a new task on Reported Speech’.
II. Turn the speaker’s words into Reported Questions.(General Questions) 1) I asked: ‘Do you go home?’ 2) She asked: ‘Do you want a drink?’ 3) They wanted to know: ‘Can you speak German?’ 4) She asked: ‘Ken, can you help me?’ 5) He asked: ‘Nelly, did you say that?’ 6) the man asked: ‘Will it take you long to repair the car?’ 7) Nick asked: ‘Have you got a double room?’ 8) A man asked: ‘May I come in?’ 9) Hob asked: ‘Shall I taste your cake?’ 10) The teacher asked the pupils: ‘Can you do this exercise?’ 11) My mother asked: ‘Will you taste my pie?’ 12) He asked: ‘Have you ever been to Venice?’ 13) Mrs.Wiggins: ‘James, did you hear what Grandpa said?’ 14) My father wanted to know: ‘Will you tell me the truth?’ 15)The teacher asked us: ‘Do you understand?’
III. Turn the speaker’s words into Reported Questions.( Special Questions) 1) The policeman asked: ‘What do you do?’ 2) She asked: ‘How does your brother do it?’ 3) The woman asked me: ‘What do you want?’ 4) Nick asked: ‘Why have you carried a camera?’ 5) An officer asked a girl: ‘What documents do you have?’ 6) I asked the doctor: ‘How many times a day may I take the medicine?’ 7) He asked a cinema attendant: ‘What time does the film finish?’ 8) The old man asked: ‘How much will the artist pay me?’ 9) Pedro asked: ‘How much longer have you stayed in England, Olaf?’ 10) Grandma asked me: ‘Where can I get a cup of tea?’ 11) Olaf asked: ‘Girls, where will you go for your holidays?’ 12) My father asked: ‘When will you get back?’ 13) Andrew asked a shop-keeper: ‘How much does that bicycle cost?’ 14) The man asked: ‘When will my watch be repaired?’ 15) ‘What time did you get home?’ they asked him.