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Kspeu, слайд 1

Kazan – Culture Centre
Landmark of Kazan
Students: Lytkin Kirill Savelyev Maxim Teacher: Aituganova Jh. I.
Kazan 2021

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Show the history of the appearance of the structure. Describe the architecture of the landmark. Provide information for visitors.
To get acquainted with the most important sights of Kazan.

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Kazan is a city with a thousand years of history, it was founded in 1005. In 2018, Kazan ranked 3rd in the ranking of the most popular tourist cities in the country. Eastern and Western cultural monuments, Orthodox churches and mosques easily coexist here. The city's architecture and monuments often feature the symbol of the kazan, as well as the zilant, a dragon-like creature from Tatar fairy tales. Many places in Kazan are associated with legends. For example, at the bottom of Lake Kaban, according to legend, the ancient khan's treasures are hidden. And the very emergence of the city is associated with a legend, according to which a sorcerer advised to establish a city where the cauldron ("kazan") with water, dug into the ground, boils by itself. We have collected for you popular attractions of Kazan, which are worth seeing.

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1. Kazan Kremlin
The Kremlin is the calling card of the capital of Tatarstan. For comparison, the Moscow Kremlin is 200 years younger than the Kazan Kremlin. The Kremlin has intricately combined Tatar and Russian styles of architecture. The Kremlin was built from the 10th to the 16th centuries on the bank of the Kazanka River. In 1556-1562 Pskov masters have erected powerful walls of white stone on the site of the old Tatar fortress, leaving only fragments of its walls. The size of the Kremlin is impressive: its area is more than 15 hectares, the height of the walls reaches 12 meters, the thickness of stone walls up to 6 meters. On the territory of the Kremlin there are many places of interest. Entrance to the territory of the Kremlin is free, to the museums you need to buy separate tickets.

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2. Suyumbike tower
On the territory of the Kremlin there is the Suyumbike Tower. It ranks third among the "falling" towers of the world in terms of inclination angle. The 58-meter tower was built at the beginning of the 17th century on the highest point of the Kremlin hill. There are many legends about the tower. According to one of them, it was named in honor of the Tatar queen Suyumbike. She agreed to marry Ivan the Terrible on the condition that the tallest tower in the city would be built in 7 days. The Russian tsar complied, but before the wedding feast the tsarina climbed to the top, and not wanting to leave her native city, she threw herself down. The tower was in fact built much later. The Suyumbike Tower is closed to tourists, but there is an observation deck next to it.
Address: Kremlin, 17 (near the Presidential Palace).

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3. Annunciation Cathedral
This is the oldest stone construction in the city, built in 1561. For a long time the cathedral was the main temple of Kazan. The church was visited by many famous people (for example, Alexander Pushkin and Sergei Rachmaninoff). Originally, the Cathedral of the Annunciation was supposed to look like a copy of the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. But during its long life the cathedral was many times rebuilt and repaired because of numerous fires. After the restoration at the end of the XX century under a layer of plaster were discovered unique frescoes, devoted to the history of Kazan.
Address: Kremlin, not far from the Archbishop's House (Kremlin, 3). Working time: from 8:00 to 19:00.

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4. Governor's (President's) Palace
The palace is located on the territory of the Kazan Kremlin. The building is the residence of the president of the republic. The palace was built in the middle of the XIX century on the site of the destroyed palace of the khans of Kazan by personal order of Tsar Nicholas I. You can see the Kazan White House only from outside - through the openwork lattice of the entrance gate.
Address: The Kremlin, 1.

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5. Kul Sharif Mosque
This is the newest building in the Kremlin - the mosque was built in 1996-2005. This is the main juma mosque. Its exterior is inspired by the legendary mosque of the Kazan Khanate capital with several minarets. Especially impressive is the mosque inside. In the richness and beauty of decorations it is not inferior to European palaces, but with its own, oriental flavor. The building is beautiful and expensive decoration: ceramic panels on ancient technology, glass stained glass, gold embroidery. The walls are decorated with colorful marble, granite, onyx, serpentine. On the floors Persian carpets. Inside the mosque has five floors, there are separate male and female zones.
Address: Kremlin, 13 (next to the gallery "Hazine"). Opening hours: daily from 9:00 to 18:00.

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6. Kazan Family Center
The family center is located on the right bank of the Kazanka River in the middle of a well-groomed park. The main registry office of the republic has an unusual building - in the form of a giant cauldron. The modern wedding palace was built in 2013 and is a symbol of domesticity. Inside the registry office are three large, ornate wedding halls: gold, silver, and oriental. Ceremonies are held here for residents of Kazan and the whole republic. A lot of people want to get married in this beautiful place. The locals call the registry office "The Bowl" - there is a saying that in this bowl the family is boiled.
Address: Sibgata Hakim, 4. Working hours: The observation deck is open Tuesday through Saturday from 10:00 to 18:00, on Sunday from 12:00 to 20:00, Monday off.

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7. «Ekiyat» Puppet Theater
"Ekiyat" translates from Tatar as "fairy tale". The theater building looks like a magic castle with towers decorated with figures of fairy tale characters. It was built in 2012 on the site of the old theater. If you do not get to see the show, then at least visit the theater museum, where you can see a large collection of puppets, as well as sets and posters to the performances.
Address: St. Peterburgskaya, 57.

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Internet resources
https://www.tutu.ru/geo/rossiya/kazan/article/sights/ https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Достопримечательности_Казани https://zen.yandex.ru/media/id/5e7b8daa7bdb6e1b170e5cd0/top30-glavnye-dostoprimechatelnosti-kazani-kuda-shodit-i-chto-posmotret-5ec16f4741ff1b01f54174d2

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