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Kazan State Power Engineering University
Kazan as a cultural center
Students: Korsakova A.D. Nikolaeva D.A.
Teacher: Aytuganova Jh.I.
To remember the history of Kazan
• Kazan was founded in 1005, so it has a rich history and cultural monuments that keep the history of our ancestors.
• Kazan Kremlin – is the oldest part of Kazan, a complex of architectural, historical and archaeological monuments that reveal the centuries-old history of the city: archaeological remains of the first, second and third settlements; a white-stone Kremlin, a number of temples and buildings of great historical, architectural and cultural value.
• The Kul-Sharif Mosque is located on the territory of the Kazan Kremlin; one of the main attractions of the city.
The construction of the temple began in 1996 as a reconstruction of the mosque in the capital of the Kazan Khanate. The historic mosque was destroyed in October 1552 during the storming of Kazan by the troops of Ivan the Terrible. The reconstructed mosque is named after the last imam of the seid Kul Sharif, one of the leaders of the defenseof Kazan.
• The Syuyumbike Tower is an architectural symbol of Kazan.
The tower is located inside the Kazan Kremlin, away from the fortress walls, and due to its position it carried the function guard fortress tower. From its top, a wide view of the Kazanka, Volga and surrounding rivers opens up.
The earliest mention of the tower in written sources dates back to May 9, 1703.
• Bauman Street is a pedestrian street in the historical center of Kazan. In 1552, during the storming of the Kazan Kremlin by the Moscow troops of Ivan the Terrible, both its walls south and north of the street were broken by explosions, and the street was first named Prolomnaya and then Bolshaya Prolomnaya. In 1930, the street was renamed in honor of the revolutionary Bauman, a native of Kazan.
• National Cultural Center "Kazan" - a cultural and museum complex in Kazan. Since 2020, the building houses the National Library of the Republic of Tatarstan.
NCC "Kazan" performed educational, museum and leisure and entertainment functions, held events of the official state, all-Russian and international levels, meetings of the President of Tatarstan, various political and cultural events, all-Russian and international conferences and exhibitions.
• The Temple of All Religions, also the Ecumenical Temple, the International Cultural Center for Spiritual Unity - an architectural structure in the village of Old Arakchino in the city of Kazan, dedicated to different religions of the world. The only one of its kind in the world, a popular landmark of the city.
• Kazan State Academic Russian Bolshoi Drama Theater named after V. I. Kachalov - Russian drama theater in Kazan. One of the oldest and largest theaters in Russia.
The foundation of the theater is considered to 1791, when the Kazan governor S. M. Baratayev invited the former court artist from St. Petersburg V. R. Bobrovsky to Kazan to lead the theater. The performances ceased due to the death of Catherine II in 1796. The building of this first public theater in the city has survived. The building in which the theater is now located was built in 1833.
• Tatar State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater named after Musa Jalil. The stationary building of the Kazan Theater, rebuilt in 1875 after a fire in 1874, existed on the site of the current square on Freedom Square until the fire in 1919, after which it was not restored. On September 28, 1956, the new theater building on Freedom Square was solemnly opened with. In the same year, the theater was named after the Hero of the Soviet Union Musa Jalil.
Kazan State Theater for Young Spectators - the keeper of creative traditions and education of spirituality in the younger generation for over 88 years.
Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin
Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky
Ivan Aleksandrovich Goncharov